Aflatoxins contaminate a wide range of foods, including staples of many LMICs, such as maize, groundnut, sorghum, and traditional foods [16,17,18,19].
What is the aflatoxin in sorghum grains?Aflatoxin in sorghum grains
Aflatoxin G1 was detected in 18.92 % of the samples, while aflatoxin G2 was detected in 32.42 % sorgum samples. There was no aflatoxin in 32.42 % of the samples.
What are the mycotoxins in sorghum?When ingested, these mycotoxins can cause harmful health effects including cancer and in extreme cases may lead to death . Notable mycotoxins in sorghum include aflatoxins (AFs), fumonisins (FBs), zearalenone (ZEA), deoxynivalenol (DON) and ochratoxin A (OTA) [9,10,11,13,14].
What foods are high in aflatoxins?Aflatoxins can occur in foods such as groundnuts, tree nuts, maize, rice, figs and other dried foods, spices, crude vegetable oils and cocoa beans, as a result of fungal contamination before and after harvest.
Which crop has aflatoxin?Aflatoxins are a family of toxins produced by certain fungi that are found on agricultural crops such as maize (corn), peanuts, cottonseed, and tree nuts. The main fungi that produce aflatoxins are Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, which are abundant in warm and humid regions of the world.
Should We Be Concerned About Aflatoxin?
What is the antidote for aflatoxins?There are no known antidotes for aflatoxicosis, and patients are usually treated for the symptoms that they exhibit. Many patients are treated for fever and gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
Should I worry about aflatoxin?Side Effects. Aflatoxins ingested in large mounts may cause acute liver damage. Chronic intoxication may lead to weight gain or weight loss, loss of appetite, or infertility in men.
How do I detox my body from aflatoxin?A small dose of chlorophyll (Chla) or chlorophyllin (CHL) (found in green leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli and kale) could reverse the effects of aflatoxin poisoning .
Does cooking destroy aflatoxins?Aflatoxins are not destroyed by normal food processing practices, such as fermenting, boiling, cooking or baking. 7. What are the impacts on trade? Africa loses an estimated US$670 million in rejected export trade annually due to contamination by aflatoxins.
What happens if you eat aflatoxins?Large doses of aflatoxins can lead to acute poisoning (aflatoxicosis) and can be life threatening, usually through damage to the liver. Aflatoxins have also been shown to be genotoxic, meaning they can damage DNA and cause cancer in animal species. There is also evidence that they can cause liver cancer in humans.
What is sorghum sickness?Sorghum downy mildew is caused by the fungal pathogen Peronosclerospora sorgi. Downy mildew spores germinate and invade the roots of sorghum seedlings. This type of infection is systemic, in that most of the plant will eventually be infected. Infected seedlings may become chlorotic and die.
What is sorghum poisoning and sorghum effect?Sorghum is a cyanogenic plant and when its level exceeds 20 mg per 100 g (200 ppm, 200 mg/kg) of forage, liver enzymes gets exhausted and HCN starts accumulating in the animal body. When the cyanide level becomes 0.5-3 mg/Kg b. wt., clinical symptom of poisoning appears which may end up in death of the animal.
How do I get rid of mycotoxins in my gut?Detox with binders
The intention of mold binders (a.k.a. mycotoxin binders) is to attract and bind toxins and move them through the gastrointestinal tract. Your mold-savvy medical provider may recommend a prescription binder. Nonprescription binders may include activated charcoal or bentonite clay.